The earliest uniforms did not have uniform color requirements, such as the medieval period of western Europe, the private nature of the aristocratic army--knight Cavalry. They own clothing, there is no uniform uniform, the color of clothing is also varied, combat, often enemy difficult to distinguish, often accidentally injured their own people, adverse combat. In the 15th century, the emergence of mercenaries in Western Europe, the emergence of military uniforms. Louis 14 period, France formally stipulated uniform uniform, and different arms uniform color: Guards wear white uniforms, dragon cavalry in red uniforms, infantry wear gray uniforms. At the same time, colorful uniforms on the decorations, very eye-catching. Camouflage camouflage for combat clothing is the need to conceal oneself and destroy the enemy. This is a constant experience in the war and gradually developed as a sniper wear the auspicious clothing.
The ancient uniforms were colourful and easy to identify.
In the Song Dynasty, some people pointed out: "The ancient Rong clothing, up and down the same, all heavy red." "The Army officers and men all wear crimson garments." "Wear deep red clothing and up and down all" has 4 meanings: one is grooming and neat, and the other is conducive to the identification of enemy on the battlefield, not accidental injury; The third is to protect the commander on the battlefield, do not make it a "target"; The four most important, that is, use red as a uniform can be in line with the black red Wheel and the war drums and other military utensils in the color of the blood, soldiers once injured and bleeding, will not be found, can avoid their fear of war.
Smart Boer change Uniforms color victory
At the end of 19th century, British imperialism launched a war of British cloth in South Africa. The number of Boer fighters is 1/5 that of the British Army. In the early days of the war, the death of the Boer man was larger. The Wise Boer summed up the lessons of the war failure and carefully observed the situation of the British Army. They found a fatal weakness in the British Army. That is, the British are wearing large red uniforms, particularly brightly in the green background of the South African savanna and forest, so that they can be exposed. The Boer man was inspired to immediately paint his uniform and guns into green grass, with the jungle seamless. In this way, the British Army in the Open, the Boer in the dark, the Boer people can easily find the British Army, but the British Army found no Boer. At the same time, the British Army self-reliant people, still arrogance aggressive. So the Boer people often unknown to the British Army, while its unprepared, suddenly launched an attack, hit the British Army dizzy, unprepared. When the Boer was finished, the British Army could not find the target to fight back. The war killed more than 90,000 British troops.
Complex combat environment, forcing soldiers to start wearing flower clothes
In the First World War, the National Army has not yet dedicated combat clothing, is generally wearing military uniforms war, so in the color of uniforms, gradually unified in green tones. In the green hue, there are dark greens, grass-greens, blackish blue and olive. Under the circumstances, green adjustment can better adapt to jungle, grassland and farmland activities and operations. Of course, from a covert point of view, the color of uniforms must not be limited to the green. such as deserts, Doksan, hills, wasteland, and its background is not green. Therefore, all countries in the world according to their local natural environment conditions, flexible and reasonable choice of uniforms color. So, in national uniforms, there are also soil yellow, brown, cyan and so on, because these colors are close to the land, desert, rock color, and in the snow, the use of white camouflage combat clothing, in order to be compatible with the environment; in the ocean, wearing blue and white Hai can be integrated with the ocean.
In the Second World War, the combat environment was further complicated, the single color was easily discovered by the enemy, so a floral dress made of multicolor deformed blocks appeared. This kind of flower clothing is more suitable in many colors of the mountain, grass hidden. From the look, its similar to the modern camouflage, at that time, more than 10 countries in Europe and the United States stationed around the world Expeditionary Force in the actual combat using 6-color camouflage made of combat clothing. But at the time the camouflage flower clothing is not today's camouflage camouflage clothing, because it can only confuse and deal with the naked eye that visual observation.
There's a fancy camouflage suit for modern reconnaissance equipment.
With the development of science and the progress of technology, people have invented a reconnaissance equipment--infrared detector, with this observation you can find a soldier in a variety of colours, including green clothes, in a green grove, and soldiers who wear yellow clothes in the same way as the land and rock can be found in white clothes in the snow. The principle is that these soldiers ' clothes reflect infrared light, which is different from the infrared light reflected by the ambient background, so that the infrared detector can clearly find the hidden in the natural background of the naked eye with the invisible soldier. To deal with the detection of infrared detectors a number of special chemicals have been added to the Beck plaque, and through constant research, the infrared light reflected by these colours is consistent with the infrared light reflected by the ambient background, so that the reflective ability of the speckle is close to that of the nature environment. In this way, the modern camouflage combat clothing not only with visual observation invisible, with infrared detector also can not find.
"Chameleon" disguised as a chess suit
With the development of modern reconnaissance technology and new material technology, camouflage camouflage combat clothing has a new development. In recent years, research institutions in developed countries have studied special dyes and camouflage colors that can deal with visible and near-infrared reconnaissance techniques. At the same time, people from the chameleon can automatically change color to protect themselves to be inspired, the invention of a photosensitive discoloration of the material treatment of cloth, also has a light dye dyed on the general fabric, and then using the cloth and fabric to create a better camouflage effect of the "chameleon" camouflage clothing. This "chameleon" camouflage suit can change color automatically with the light color of the surroundings, so that the wearer will not expose itself in any environment.
Camouflage of the lines and colors close to the green, and some forests and grasslands and so on areas and more to the main green, which has played a very good hidden effect.
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